What is Malbec Wine? Plus 4 Amazing Facts


August 19, 2013 Blog » Learn About Wine » What is Malbec Wine? Plus 4 Amazing Facts

What is Malbec Wine? It’s a full-bodied red
wine that grows mostly in Argentina.

Known for its plump dark fruit flavors and smoky finish, Malbec wine offers a great alternative to higher priced Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah. However, there’s more to Malbec than just value. Learn the secrets of Malbec wine, some great Malbec food pairing tips and 4 amazing facts that will change the way you think about this ‘lowly’ wine grape.
 

Malbec Wine Guide

Malbec wine taste and flavors

Malbec Wine Taste

ARGENTINA: The main fruit flavors in a glass of Argentine Malbec are blackberry, plum and black cherry. The nuanced flavors offer milk chocolate, cocoa powder, violet flowers, leather and, depending on the amount of oak aging, a sweet tobacco finish.
 
FRANCE: While Argentine Malbec is fruit forward, France is quite the opposite. Malbec from the Cahors region is, at first, leathery with flavors of tart currant, black plum and savory bitterness often described as green. French Malbecs, from the Loire and Cahors, have higher acidity which attributes to flavors described as black pepper and spice. Because of their moderate tannin and acidity with lower alcohol, French Malbec wines tend to age longer.
 

A lil’ Malbec Wine History

Malbec (sometimes called Côt and Auxxerois) is from France where it grows in the Sud-Ouest. The thick-skinned grape is a natural cross of two esoteric varieties that are from Montpellier (in Languedoc-Roussilon) and Gaillac in the Sud-Ouest. Today the majority of France’s Malbec is found in Cahors, a small town on a switchback river that gently flows towards Bordeaux.

Malbec quickly became common as a blending grape in Bordeaux’s top 5 wine grapes. However, because of the grapes’ poor resistance to weather and pests, it never surfaced as a top French variety. Instead, it found a new home in Mendoza, Argentina where a nostalgic French botanist planted it by order of the mayor in 1868.

 
Malbec wine in a glass with grapes
 

Malbec Wine Characteristics

FRUIT FLAVORS (berries, fruit, citrus)
Black cherry, Pomengranate, Plum, Raspberry, Blackberry, Blueberry
OTHER AROMAS (herb, spice, flower, mineral, earth, other)
Cocoa, Milk Chocolate, Coffee, Mocha, Molasses, Leather, Black Pepper, Green Stem, Gravel, Tobacco

Do you like Wine Folly?
OAK AGING
Vanilla, Dill, Coconut
ACIDITY
Medium
TANNIN
Medium
SERVING TEMPERATURE
“Slightly Cool” 69 ºF (21 ºC)
SIMILAR VARIETIES
Syrah, Merlot, Dolcetto, Touriga Nacional, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Lacrima, Nero d’Avola, Mourvedre (see other full-bodied red wines )
BLENDING
Blended commonly in Right Bank Bordeaux with Merlot and Petit Verdot. In Argentina, Malbec is occasionally blended with Bonarda, a regional red grape originally from Italy.

4 Awesome Facts About Malbec

Argentina ‘Saved’ Malbec
Today, Argentina leads with over 75% of all the acres of Malbec in the world. In a way, Argentina reinvigorated Malbec as one of the top 18 noble grapes. Now it grows in seven countries and continues to grow in popularity.
Malbec’s Blind Tasting Tell
Look for a magenta-tinged rim. Malbec wine is a deep purple-red that is nearly opaque, similar to Syrah and Mourvedre. However, Malbec wines will often have a bright magenta rim. A tell! Host a blind tasting party of your own.
Malbec Loves High Elevation
In lower elevations, Malbec grapes struggle to produce the acidity they need to create great tasting and long lasting wine. High elevation areas with a wide diurnal temperature shift (ie hot days, cold nights) make the grapes produce more acidity. Find out why acidity is so important.
Not As Much Oak as You Might Think
Because of Malbec’s bold flavors and richness, many wine tasters believe that industrious use of oak is employed. Not true! In the $9-12 range you’ll find most Argentine Malbec to have only about 6 months of oak aging. 10-12 months of oaking Malbec will give it that classic ‘blueberry’ smell. Some Malbec wines are aged for a long time (18-20 months), but you have to pay to play. Expect to spend around $24+ for Reserva Argentine Malbec and more for US Malbec.

Malbec Food Pairing

Umami lover. Unlike Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec doesn’t have a super long finish. Because of this, Malbec is great with leaner red meats (ostrich anyone?). The wine does extremely well with funky flavors like blue cheese and rustic flavors like mushrooms and cumin spice.

Perfect Malbec Food Pairing
Black pepper buffalo burgers with blue cheese mushrooms and rosemary infused garlic kale chips.

perfect blue cheese burger by mikko kuhna

When was the last time you had a blue cheese burger? by Mikko Kuhna

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Meat Pairings

Dark meat poultry and lean red meat. Malbec also pairs well with earthy flavors too, such as beef brisket. Duck, Chicken Leg, Lamb, Beef, Ostrich, Buffalo, Pork Shoulder

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Spices and Herbs

Look for spices that have earthy or smoky flavors such as: Parsley, Sumac, Thyme, Rosemary, Porcini Powder, Smoked Paprika, Black Pepper, Cumin, Coriander, Juniper Berry, Clove, Vanilla Bean, Garlic, Shallot, Green Onion, Barbecue Sauce

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Cheese Pairings

Look for funky and rich soft to semi-firm cow’s and goat’s milk cheeses.

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Vegetables & Vegetarian Fare

Mushroom, Roasted Vegetables, Green and Red Bell Pepper, Potato, Arugula, Kale, Chard, Grilled Endive, Onion, Beet, Tempeh, Lentils, Black Beans, Forbidden Rice


Argentina Vineyards Tunuyán Mendoza by Mariano Mantel

Imagine this outside your window with a cup of coffee in your hands. Tunuyán in Mendoza, Argentina by Mariano Mantel


 

Malbec Wine Regions

Just About 100,000 acres of Malbec planted worldwide.

Argentina 76,700 acres
Mendoza, San Juan, Salta
France ~15,000 acres
Sud-Ouest, Bordeaux, Loire Valley (called Côt in Loire)
USA ~3,400 acres
California, Washington, Oregon
Chile 2,500 acres
Colchagua, Curicó, Cachapoal
South Africa 1,100 acres
Australia 1,100 acres
South Australia, Victoria
New Zealand 200 acres
Gisborne, Hawkes Bay

 
Sources
Prunelard is found in Gaillac, France
La Magdeleine de Charentes is found in Montpellier, France
Malbec Guide on wineaustralia.com
Wine Variety Plantings on winesofargentina.com
~600 Acres of Malbec in Washington State estimated by Fidelitas Winemaker, Charlie Hoppes.
California Malbec acres statistics from Wine Business Monthly
Chile’s Wine Grape Data (2006) from winesofchile.org


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By Madeline Puckette
I'm a certified wine geek with a passion for meeting people, travel, and delicious food. You often find me crawling around dank cellars or frolicking through vineyards.