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Nebbiolo: The Grape of Barolo and So Much More

Written by Madeline Puckette

Nebbiolo (“Nebby-oh-low”) is a full-bodied red wine more famously known by the two production regions of Barolo and Barbaresco in Piedmont, Italy. Nebbiolo wines are translucent (like Pinot!) and have a delicate smell, but when you taste them you are greeted with robust tannin and high acidity. Find out about Nebbiolo and several regions in Northern Italy that make this fascinating, almost deceptive-tasting wine.

Guide to Nebbiolo Wine

Nebbiolo Wine Profile by Wine Folly
Detailed tasting descriptions of Nebbiolo wines on Page 142 of Wine Folly: The Essential Guide to Wine

The Taste of Nebbiolo Wine

Tasting Nebbiolo wines can be quite an arresting experience because the floral and light red fruit aromas suggest the wine is much lighter than it is. Upon tasting Nebbiolo you will experience leathery, gripping high tannin (depending on the style, see below!) that seems to clasp the inside of your lips to the front of your teeth. Despite its tannic structure, the wine’s fruity flavors of cherry and raspberries, supported with aromas of rose and anise, always seem to shine through. In cooler years, Nebbiolo gets a bit herbaceous with more sour cranberry fruit, rose hip and leather and red clay minerality.

Nebbiolo is a thinking person’s wine: subtle yet bold, simple yet complex…

You’ll like Nebbiolo if… you like fine Sangiovese or are into cool-climate Pinot Noir. Nebbiolo is a wine that you need to taste, without a doubt.

Decant? Decant for 45 minutes to 2 hours

Expect to spend:

  • $18–$28 Langhe Nebbiolo
  • $50+ from Barolo/Barbaresco

Food Pairing with Nebbiolo

Delicate aromatics of leeks with truffle in a rich risotto. By Ulterior Epicure

With Nebbiolo’s delicate aromas but bold tannin, you’ll want to seek out less-gamey meats that have enough fat to absorb the ample tannin. The wine’s high acidity gives it the opportunity to match against higher acid foods with saltiness and perhaps vinaigrette-based sauces, but remember to balance by adding enough butter, fat or olive oil to compliment the wine’s tannin.

Even though Nebbiolo is traditionally paired with Italian foods, it has been well-received alongside Asian cuisine with brown sauces and Asian 5-spices sauces.

Beef Tenderloin, Ribeye Steak (or Prime Rib), Roast Turkey, Pork Sausage, Braised Duck, Meat Ragu, Roasted Game Hen, Braised Pork shank, Prosciutto
Béchamel Sauce, Parmigiano Reggiano, Fresh Burrata, Full fat Feta Cheese, Soft Triple-Cream Cow’s Cheese, Manchego, Pecorino, Butter, Washed-Rind Cheeses
Sage, Tarragon, Black Pepper, White Pepper, Rose Hip, Coriander Seed, Fennel seed, Celery Seed, Sichuan Pepper, Asian 5-Spice, Anise, Clove, Star Anise, Ceylon Cinnamon
Roasted Garlic, Shallot, Truffle, Wild Mushrooms, Chestnut, Butternut Squash, Grilled Radicchio, Cannellini Bean, Fried Polenta, Olive, Caper, Sunchokes, Braised Leeks, Cippolini Onion, Funghi Pizza, Farro, Wild Rice, Roasted Fennel Bulb, Charred Green Onion

Nebbiolo Regions

Piedmont Wine Map by Wine Folly

Region: Langhe Nebbiolo

Langhe la morra piedmont fog nebbia
The rolling hills in the Langhe are covered with fog in the morning. Thus, the best vineyards on the tops of the hills are reserved for Nebbiolo and the lower vineyards are typically used for Dolcetto and Barbera. By Fulvio Spada

Containing the regions of Barolo, Barbaresco and Roero is the Langhe (“long-gay”). The Langhe region contains both valleys and hills with a variety of soil types and altitudes. This generally tells us that the wines from the Langhe can be variable depending on who makes it–and can be potentially quite good. What is important to note is that the lower slopes and valleys collect fog in the morning which isn’t ideal for slow-ripening Nebbiolo grapes. Still, on excellent vintages (2010, 2012 and 2015 for example), you’ll be able to find fantastic Nebbiolo wines from this region for outstanding prices.

Average Price: $15–$20

Region: Barolo and Barbaresco

Barolo piedmont vineyards
The Langhe region around Barolo and Barbaresco is carpeted with vineyards by Frans Schouwenburg

The villages of Barolo and Barbaresco produce the most famous Nebbiolo wines in the world. The reason for this is their position high above the fog which produces wines with both bold fruit flavors, high tannin and higher potential alcohol. The result is a wine bold with aromas of cherries, fruitcake, clove and anise that is equally intense to taste.

  • Barolo DOCG has two classifications, a “normale” Barolo which has 38 months of aging (including 18 mos in wood) and Barolo Riserva DOCG with 62 months aging (18 mos. in wood)
  • Barbaresco DOCG has two classifications, a “normale” Barbaresco with 26 months aging (9 mos. in wood) and Barbaresco Riserva DOCG with 50 months aging (9 mos. in wood)

Average Price: Barbaresco $40–60 Barolo $60–$100

Region: Roero

This little known region is just north of Barolo within the Langhe. High quality examples from Roero (“row-air-oh”) exhibit brooding aromas of raspberry, anise, rose and clove. On the palate, you’ll find Roero Nebbiolo to be a little more approachable than Barolo and even Barbaresco with reduced tannins. Just so you know, the Roero Rosso DOCG must be 95% Nebbiolo with 20 months of aging (at least 6 in oak). The Riserva level tends to be even softer with 32 months of aging (6 months in oak/wood).

Average Price: $19–$27

Region: Ghemme, Gattinara and Colline Novaresi

Gattinara mountains piedmont nebbiolo wines
The old style of Gattinara bottle. By Roberto Cilenti

In the northern part of Piedmont, heading into the Alps and Aosta Valley, are two cities that straddle the Sesia River–Ghemme on the eastside and Gattinara on the westside. The wines from up north take on a much lighter taste profile and could be likened more to red Burgundy (French Pinot Noir). The wines are floral with high acidity, delicate tart red fruits and earthy soil notes. Early on the wines can be quite herbaceous to taste, but with extended aging they take on an ethereal quality. The best vineyards in Ghemme lie on low, east-facing hills and the best vineyards in Gattinara climb up the steep foothills of the Alps and face southeast.

Average Price: $18–$30

TIP: Nebbiolo is called Spanna in the Novara province.

Region: Valtellina Superiore and Sforzato

Lombardy Italy where Valtellina Nebbiolo wines come from
The valley runs east-to-west and opens into Lake Como. The best vineyards are on terraced slopes facing south. by AHT

In the Lombardy region, Nebbiolo grows in an east-to-west oriented alpine valley, Sondrio, that opens to Lake Como. The Nebbiolo creeps up the southern facing slopes and produces some of the most elegant and floral styles of this wine. Expect very pale color and aromas of roses and red fruits with more subtle tannin and leather notes. The region also produces a Nebbiolo wine, made with the same technique as Amarone (appassimento), called Sforzato (Sfursat) di Valtellina.

Average Price: $30–$50

TIP: Nebbiolo is called Chiavennasca in Lombardy.



Learn more about Piedmont Wine

Find out more about the Piedmont wine region of Northern Italy.
Piedmont Wine Guide

Written byMadeline Puckette

James Beard Award-winning author and Wine Communicator of the Year. I co-founded Wine Folly to help people learn about wine. @WineFolly

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