The United States has a short history in winemaking when compared to many other big names, but it’s made up for its youth with vigor. The U.S. is 4th worldwide for wine production, and every state has some wineries. Best known for Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Table of Contents:
Fruit forward gems.
It’s difficult to characterize the wines of the United States given the varied landscape from coast to coast. That said, 80% of US wine is made in California, which is famous for it’s bodacious, fruit-forward wines that focus on French varieties, like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, and Pinot Noir.
Beyond California, Washington (state), Oregon, and New York represent the largest up-and-comers at 17% of US wine. Finally, the last fraction represents the remaining 46 states, notably Arizona, New Mexico, Virginia, Texas, Colorado, Idaho, and Michigan (to name a few) which represent the frontier of US wine.
California is characterized by a climate similar to the Mediterranean making it ideal for full-bodied red wines. That said, areas closer to the Pacific Ocean receive layers of fog which allows great success with cooler climate varieties including whites and Pinot Noir.
Washington wine grows primarily on the eastern side of the state which is dry and sunny. This area offers fruity red wines with sweet-tart acidity.
Oregon’s Willamette Valley is ideal for Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, and Chardonnay.
New York grows mostly Concord (mostly for juice, not for wine), but the state is quickly becoming known for Riesling, elegant Merlot-based blends, and rosé.
Good to Know
Single-varietal wines must contain 75% of the listed variety. Oregon Pinot Noir/Pinot Gris require 90%.
A wine that labeled as an estate wine must use grapes grown on the winery’s property.
Wines to Explore
Full-Bodied Red Wine
CA Cabernet Sauvignon
California’s most famous Cabernet wines come from the North Coast region which includes Sonoma and Napa Valley. At their best, wines offer lush black fruit flavors that unravel into layers of cedar, dusty minerality, and tobacco-laced tannins.
Blackberry, Black Cherry, Cedar, Baking Spices, Green Peppercorn
Full-Bodied Red Wine
In 1994, Zinfandel was shown to share the same DNA as Italian Primitivo and Croatian Tribidrag. Zinfandel bursts with candied fruit and tobacco but is often surprisingly dry with minerally tannins and high alcohol. Sonoma and Lodi offer a fantastic comparison.
Blackberry, Plum Sauce, Asian 5-Spice, Sweet Tobacco, Granite
Full-Bodied Red Wine
CA Petite Sirah
California is the world’s top producer of the French grape. Petite Sirah performs particularly well in the state’s warmer climates including the Inland Valleys where wines have rich, saucey, black fruit flavors supported by firm, cocoa-like tannin.
Sugarplum, Blueberry, Dark Chocolate, Black Pepper, Herbs
Full-Bodied White Wine
The best Chardonnay grows mostly in coastal regions and valleys up and down the coast that receive cooling breezes and morning fog from the Pacific. Wines offer a richer body with flavors of pineapple and tropical fruits that are often complemented with toasty oak.
Yellow Apple, Pineapple, Creme Brulee, Vanilla, Caramel
Medium-Bodied Red Wine
CA Pinot Noir
The cooler coastal areas in the North and Central Coast produce some of the boldest, fruit-forward examples of Pinot Noir on the planet. That said, more producers are pulling back to produce elegant, almost Burgundy-like wines. Either way, it’s not to be missed.
Blackberry, Dried Blueberry, Clove, Rose, Cola
Full-Bodied Red Wine
CA Syrah & GSM Blends
You can find great Syrah all over the state, but the Central Coast is by far the most dedicated to Rhône varieties. The best wines have deep black fruit, peppery flavors and dusty minerality. Santa Barbara and Paso Robles are a great place to start looking.
Blackberry, Blueberry Pie, Cracked Pepper, Mocha, Bay Leaf
Full-Bodied Red Wine
WA Syrah & GSM Blends
Even though Rhône varieties like Syrah and Grenache are not Washington’s most popular grapes, they show great potential here. Wines are generous and bold, with sweet-tart red fruit, rich meaty flavors, and spicy alcohol.
Black Currant, Brandied Cherry, Bacon Fat, Dark Chocolate, Graphite
Full-Bodied Red Wine
WA Bordeaux Blends
Even though there is a heavy focus on Cabernet Sauvignon in Washington, the most age worthy wines include a blend of Merlot and other Bordeaux varieties. These wines offer pure black cherry fruit with lovely floral minty and violet-like overtones.
Raspberry, Licorice, Graphite, Exotic Spices, Roast Meat
Light-Bodied Red Wine
OR Pinot Noir
Just over 50% of Oregon’s vineyards are planted to Pinot Noir which grows exceptionally well in the Willamette Valley. Wines offer rich, red berry aromas that are complemented by a light body, juicy acidity, and spice flavors often derived from oak aging.
Pomegranate, Red Plum, Allspice, Vanilla, Black Tea
Light-Bodied White Wine
OR Pinot Gris
Pinot Gris is Oregon's most important white wine and grows quite well in the southern Willamette Valley. You’ll find these wines to have focused peach and pear flavors, with an oily mid-palate, and a tingly, citrus-driven finish.
Nectarine, Ripe Pear, Citrus Blossom, Lemon Oil, Almond Cream
Light-Bodied White Wine
New York has great potential for Riesling and minerally white wines but the icy winters make grape growing difficult in most areas except those close to bodies of water (rivers, lakes, and the ocean). This is where you’ll find New York’s best wines.
Ripe Peach, Yellow Apple, Lime, Lime Peel, Crushed Rocks
There aren’t many producers making sparkling wines in the United States but those who do produce great quality. You’ll find exceptional producers in the North Coast of California and Oregon and surprising values coming out of New Mexico and Washington State.
Lemon, White Cherry, Orange Blossom, Cream, Raw Almond
Dynamic Wine Region Guides
New York Guide
The Empire State is making waves with its world-class Riesling, Bordeaux Blends, and Cabernet Franc. Explore New York and how its producers push the boundaries of cool-climate winemaking.
Paso Robles Guide
Paso Robles is California’s hidden gem. With a unique blend of beautiful landscapes, a laid back vibe, and of course, excellent wines, Paso Robles is yours to uncork.
Napa Valley Guide
On the surface, Napa Valley is the ultimate adult playground, complete with wine tasting tours, a wine train, Michelin-starred restaurants, luxury hotels, and much more. Underneath the surface however, the region is a dedicated agricultural zone producing some of the world's top wines.
Walla Walla Guide
Walla Walla is a quaint wine valley sitting on the far eastern edge of Oregon and Washington. So, what's special about Walla Walla Valley wines? For lovers of bold red wines this is the spot in Washington state to hunt for Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Merlot. Of course, Walla Walla Valley has more wines to offer for those who make the journey.
Notable Regions in the United States
Californa wine started quite humbly 240 years ago at the Mission de Alcalá in San Diego. Then, after the gold rush in 1849, wineries began to populate Sonoma and Napa Valley and the industry took off. Today, California makes 80% of US wine. The lion’s share is dedicated to just 8 grapes: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Zinfandel, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, and Sauvignon Blanc.
North Coast, CA
In 1976, a British wine importer held a blind tasting with several French wine critics that included top Bordeaux and Napa Valley wines. Two Napa Valley wines ended up making top scores and the “Judgement of Paris” went down in California wine history. Since then, Sonoma and Napa Valley have become benchmark regions for fine wines made with French varieties.
Central Coast, CA
The Central Coast includes Monterey, Paso Robles, and Santa Barbara. The vineyards in ocean-facing valleys receive abundant morning fog and are best for cool climate grapes. Farther inland, it’s hotter and better for sun-loving varieties like Syrah. Central Coast has many commercial growers making value wines, but there is also outstanding quality from smaller producers.
Most Oregon vineyards are found in the Northern Willamette Valley which was first planted with Burgundy grapes (Pinot and Chardonnay) starting in the 1960s. The region grew slowly, mostly with small wineries and rigorous standards (Oregon requires varietal wines contain 90% of the listed grape!). Overall, wines can be characterized by their tart fruit and subtle, elegant flavors.
Most people think of Washington as a rainy place. However, the Cascade Mountains stop the clouds from going east and the rest of the state is sunny and dry (some areas are as dry as the Gobi Desert!). Most vineyards are found within the Columbia Valley AVA, where bold red wines are becoming known for their great quality and affordable prices.
Recent United States Articles
Start learning today about Napa Valley wines through a guided tasting course with wine expert Madeline Puckette.
Opening old vintage wine is a once in a lifetime experience. Here are some things we learned while opening 40 year old wine. Get ready for a few surprises!
A lesser known yet equally delicious wine from Napa – Cabernet Franc – is this week’s tasting challenge. Jump in to learn more.
Even for white wine lovers, Roussanne is rarer than you’d expect. Dive in to discover the role this grape plays in the wines you love.
Let’s take a closer look at Wine Folly’s new Region Guides and wine tasting courses!
This tasting challenge looks at Pinot Noir Rosé and defies the age-old myth that loving rosé wine is only for basic wine drinkers.
Chardonnay is the chameleon of wine. You can discover wines that explain exactly why it’s popular, right as it hits your palate.
The new wine region is located within the Willamette Valley, west of Salem. Here’s what you should know about Van Duzer Corridor and its wines.
Considering a trip to Oregon wine country? Get tips on where to taste, stay, as well as what you need to know before your visit.
Lodi is a treasure trove of old vines and forgotten wine varieties. If there is one grape variety that defines Lodi wine, it’s Zinfandel.
This guide to the Columbia Valley AVA will quickly get you up to speed on what wines are worth seeking out and what you should know about Washington wine.
After compiling the highest-rated Napa Valley wineries on TripAdvisor and Yelp, a Napa valley resident and winery owner visited each one to find out if they lived up to the hype.
Washington is still very much a frontier of winemaking on the West coast. Here’s what’s worth getting excited about from an insider’s perspective.
Central Coast is a large encompassing American Viticultural Area (AVA) that extends from the south of San Francisco all the way to Santa Barbara. This region does happen to produce some of California’s most intriguing, up-and-coming wines.
Get to know two great alternatives to Napa and Sonoma that are right next door. Mendocino and Lake Counties are the up-and-coming wine regions to know.
Wine travel doesn’t have to high-brow (or extremely expensive) to be awesome. Point in case, here are 4 US wine travel spots where you can find cheap hotels, cheap tastings, small communities, and alternative things to do.
The west coast of the United States offers several pristine climates for producing outstanding Syrah wine. See where they grow best and learn about the unique wines from each region.
This small wine region straddles the Oregon-Washington border and offers some of the best examples of Syrah in the United States.
Here are some useful tips on how to consistently find great Oregon Pinot Noir. The region can be somewhat elusive to explore, fortunately, here is a tip that will get you on the right track
Vineyards are not something we associate with cities. Check out these 3 urban vineyards that show how local wines can be a lot more local than you think.
Santa Barbara wine country is quite literally “Sideways,”–the long tranverse valley has perfect conditions for world-class cool climate wines (Pinot Noir and Chardonnay). Let’s find out what makes this region awesome.
New York has a long history of wine production, boasting both America’s first bonded winery in the Finger Lakes region. Find out about New York wine country, what to seek out and where to go explore.
Today, Paso Robles is still considered by many as the wine industry’s wild west, characterized by that same rule breaking diversity and innovative spirit in which the town was founded.
Just a few steps off the beaten wine trail you’ll find these fascinating pockets of less traveled wine country. The scene is low-key and the tastings are cheap (and sometimes free).
If you love the spice notes and depth in a California Pinot Noir than the Sta. Rita Hills AVA is your dreamboat. Find out what you should be seeking out in Cali Pinot.
Make the a visual connection to how massive floods created Washington’s unique wine terroir. Get simple answers to how soil and terrain makes wines taste the way they do.
See the differences between Washington vs. Oregon wines in terms of production size and what each state specializes in.
If you’re wondering what Oregon Pinot Noir is really like and want to understand the region a little better, this guide will help illuminate the sub-regions and the taste that makes Oregon wine so unique.
The region silently produces almost 2 times as much wine as Napa Valley. Get a lay of the land with this up-to-date Sonoma Wine Map available as a poster.
Washington wine country is unlike any other wine region in the world. Find out more about this unique region and what makes it special with a map and details on the area.
A fast overview of Napa Valley including updated regions and a Napa Wine Map. There are now 16 regions within Napa including the newly officiated Coombsville Appellation.
Upon entering the area it is not obvious that Howell Mountain is known for some of the biggest Cabernet Sauvignon in Napa. Take a closer look into Howell Mountain and the reason why its wines are so awesome.
What makes Paso Robles wine unique? Learn the story of a man who brought Rhône wine to America and see recommendations to Paso Robles wineries.