Tips to Pass the Sommelier Certification

We’ve had several requests for tips on passing the sommelier certification. There are several organizations that host certified sommelier exams and if you’d like to choose one, check out our guide on wine education courses. The tips below are based on the certified exam with the Court of Masters Sommeliers, however the format is similar across all of the best programs.

Find a Sommelier Certification in My City

See the schedules below

  • Court of Masters Sommeliers
  • Wine & Spirits Education Trust
  • International Sommelier Guild

Most sommelier certifications include three parts.

  • Tasting – to prove your sensory acuteness and ability to make connections between where a wine is from and its basic characteristics
  • Theory – to prove the depth of your understanding of classic wines, regions, history and geography
  • Service – to prove your physical abilities to communicate, sell and serve still or sparkling wine

Blind Tasting

Grace Restaurant Staff Training Wine Flights by Michael Muser
Staff trains blind white wine flights at Grace Restaurant in Chicago. by Michael Muser
The tasting portion of the sommelier certification is designed to show your ability to correlate an unknown wine to a region, variety (or blend) and vintage. While this doesn’t seem like a useful skill to know, the test proves that you have real experience with the taste of different wines. If you hope to pass the certified exam and beyond, you should become familiar with the classic wines of the world.


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Classic Wines List (download pdf)

  • Old World Classic Wines
  • New World Classic Wines
  • You should get familiar with this list of some classic wines. As the list does change over time, use it as a baseline.


Learn the professional tasting evaluation technique

Be sure to be able to taste and fill out the ‘grid’ confidently for these wines. You can find the tasting grid on the Court of Masters website.

If you find it difficult to find or afford to taste these wines, start a tasting group with other wine-passionate friends to share the cost. Check out the wine tasting placemats for group tastings.

Theory Test

Read more books about wine. Check out the top wine books recommended by pros.

Geography What is the primary river that runs through the Piemonte wine region? What are the mountains named in-between Sonoma and Napa? Get to know the wine regions not just by the wines they make, but also by the cities, the mountains, the rivers and the lakes in the regions. These details help tell the story of why a classic wine is the way it is.


Pro Tip

For theory, emphasize breadth over depth; classic regions, grapes and label terms.
Geoff Kruth, Master Sommelier

Foreign language What do the French call the Alsacian table wine? What do the Germans call their vineyard areas? Learn the foreign language terms used to describe wine.

Service Test

Guild of Sommeliers – Proper Champagne Service from guildsomm on Vimeo
How frequently do you pour/serve wine? If you don’t, try to volunteer or work 1-2 times a week pouring at a tasting room or wine bar. You need to practice opening and serving wine. The best way to convince a MS that you’re a natural is to actually be one.


Pro Tip

Build yourself a small but diverse wine list in your head that you feel comfortable making suggestions from and know a few details about each wine.
Geoff Kruth, Master Sommelier

What’s a Pink Lady? What’s the base alcohol in a Liberal Cocktail? Get to know your classic drinks. Check out the Savoy Cocktail book or the Ultimate Guide to Spirits and Cocktails and cozy up with a Boulevardier.


Pro Tip

Don’t forget to smile and BREATHE…
Thomas Price, Master Sommelier

Being a Sommelier is all about dining How’s your food and wine pairing knowledge? Can you recommend wine pairings with different entrees with ease? Use that wine list you develop (mentioned above) to pair with dinner ideas.

Study the advanced food and wine pairing chart

Have you passed the sommelier certification? Leave a tip below!

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About Madeline Puckette

James Beard Award-winning author and Wine Communicator of the Year. I co-founded Wine Folly to help people learn about wine. @WineFolly