Wine Folly Logo
Deep Dive

Chardonnay Wine Guide: Something For Everyone

- Updated

Did you know? There are two different styles of Chardonnay wine.

If you like the idea of creamy, rich white wine in your glass, you’ll love the classic style of oak-aged Chardonnay wine.

On the other hand, if you prefer your wines to be lean, minerally and dry, then your perfect Chardonnay is the un-oaked kind.

How can a single grape offer such a variety of flavors? Well, winemaking and the climate where the grapes grow have everything to do with the answer.
Chardonnay wine in a Glass and a bunch of Chardonnay grapes

Chardonnay Wine Taste Profile

FRUIT FLAVORS (berries, fruit, citrus)
Lemon, Apple, Pear, Pineapple, Jackfruit, Passionfruit, Peach, Fig
OTHER (herb, spice, flower, mineral, earth, other)
Apple Blossom, Lemon Zest, Citrus Peel, Celery leaf, Beeswax, Lemon balm, Honeysuckle, Wet flint rocks, Saline Solution, Vanilla Bean, Almond, Jasmine
OAK FLAVORS (flavors added with oak aging)
Vanilla, Baked Tart, Butter, Pie Crust, Caramelized Sugar, Creme Brulee, Dill, Coconut, Praline
CHARDONNAY SERVING TEMPERATURE
Unoaked: 48 ºF (9 ºC)
Oaked: 54 ºF (12 ºC)
ACIDITY
Medium Low (oaked warm climate) – Medium High (unoaked cool climate)
SIMILAR VARIETIES
Marsanne, Roussanne, Viognier, Semillon, Fiano (Italy), Antão Vaz (Portugal)

Flavors in Chardonnay by ripeness

A Note About Ripeness and Chardonnay Wine

A very ripe Chardonnay will have flavors more towards tropical fruits like pineapple, guava and mango. A barely ripe Chardonnay will have green apple and lemon flavors.

Why Love Chardonnay?

You don’t have to be a Chanel-clad clubhouse member to love Chardonnay. Why? Because Chardonnay is the most diverse –and most planted– white wine grape in the world. It’s used for everything from rich Sonoma Chardonnay to the light-and-zesty ‘Blanc de Blancs’ Champagne. Get to know the wide variety of styles of Chardonnay and pinpoint the one that’s perfect for you.

Did you know? California has more plantings of Chardonnay than any other grape?


Why do some Chardonnays taste buttery?

The smell of vanilla, butter, coconut and dill are all attributes of oak-aging. However, the texture that some Chardonnays have that can be described as oily, creamy, smooth, or waxy are from a special kind of winemaking method called malolactic fermentation.

What is Malolactic Fermentation?

After the wine is fermented, an additional fermentation called Malolactic Fermentation (MLF) will give wine an oily texture. MLF turns tart malic acid (the acid in apples) to smooth lactic acid (the acid in milk).


Chardonnay Food Pairing

Humboldt Fog Goat Cheese

Soft Cheeses

Try semi-soft mild goat and cow’s milk cheeses such as Humboldt Fog.

Herb Crusted Halibut

Fish with Herbs

Herb Crusted Halibut with Minted Sweet Pea Purée.

Chicken Icon
 

Meat Pairings

Chicken Breast, Turkey Breast, Pork Loin, Halibut, Trout, Cod, Sturgeon, Oily Flaky Fish, Atlantic Salmon, Lobster, Crab, Scallops, Shrimp, Clams, Oysters (unoaked)


Herbs Icon

Spices and Herbs

Tarragon, Parsley, Thyme, Lemon Zest, Marjoram, White Pepper, Shallots, Poultry Seasoning


Soft Cheese Icon

Cheese Pairings

Soft – Semi Soft Cow’s Milk Cheese and Goat Cheese.


Mushroom Icon

Vegetables & Vegetarian Fare

Yellow Squash, Peas, Zucchini, Asparagus, Sun Chokes, Seitan, White Mushrooms, Truffles, Chanterelles, Almonds


Oaked Buttery Chardonnay in a Glass

Buttery Chardonnay

Oaked Chardonnays are rich, full-bodied and have additional flavors of vanilla, butter and even caramel from the oak. A cool climate, buttery Chardonnay will have more citrus flavors versus a warm climate Chardonnay, which will have more tropical fruit flavors.

Buttery Chardonnay Brands
  • The Best of the Best Marcassin, Meursault(Charmes, Perrieres, Genevrieres), Montrachet, Far Niente, Cakebread, Ramey, Paul Hobbs, Domaine Serene, Frank Family,
  • Middle of the Road Mâconnais, Gregory Graham, Neyers, Talbott, Au Bon Climat, Flora Springs
  • Great Values KJ, Concha y Toro “Casillero del Diablo”, Errazuriz, Montevina, Alamos, Deloach, Tormaresca, Hob Nob
What Regions Make Oaked Chardonnay

Many oaked Chardonnays come from warmer climate wine regions.

  • Southern & Eastern Australia
  • Napa Valley, Paso Robles and Lake County in California
  • Mendoza Argentina
  • Burgundy, France (Puligny-Montrachet, Meursault and Mâconnais)
  • Puglia, Italy

Unoaked Chardonnay in a Glass

Unoaked Chardonnay

Unoaked Chardonnay is far closer to the zesty style of Pinot Gris or Sauvignon Blanc. Chardonnay wine tends to have less ‘green flavors’ than Sauvignon Blanc. Depending on how ripe the grapes were when picked, the flavor ranges from lemon and green apple (less ripe) to pineapple and figs (very ripe).

Unoaked Chardonnay Brands
  • The Best of the Best Brocard, Albert Bichot, Dauvissat, Raveneau, Joseph Drouhin
  • Middle of the Road Evening Land
  • Great Values Four Vines ‘Naked’, INOX, Domaine de Bernier (Loire), Wishing Tree(Western Australia)
What Regions Make Unoaked Chardonnay

Most unoaked Chardonnay is from cooler climate wine regions.

  • Sonoma Coast, California
  • Western Australia
  • Loire and Chablis, France
  • Colchagua and Casablanca Valley, Chile
  • Oregon

Buy the Book - Get the Course!

Get the Wine 101 Course ($29 value) FREE with the purchase of Wine Folly: Magnum Edition.

Learn More

AboutMadeline Puckette

James Beard Award-winning author and Wine Communicator of the Year. I co-founded Wine Folly to help people learn about wine. @WineFolly

Cover Image for New Zealand Chardonnay – Jewel of the South Pacific

New Zealand Chardonnay – Jewel of the South Pacific

Dive into New Zealand’s Chardonnay – your next favorite wine is waiting to be discovered in a small land with passionate wine makers.

Read More
Cover Image for 8 Dark Horse Red Wines from Southern Italy

8 Dark Horse Red Wines from Southern Italy

Get excited for a dark horse Italian wine. These 8 wines from Southern Italy aren’t well-known, but you just might crown them a winner.

Read More
Cover Image for Everything You Want to Know About Orange Wine

Everything You Want to Know About Orange Wine

Orange wine is a bit of a misnomer because the it isn’t referring to a wine made with oranges. In fact, orange wine is made with white wine grapes. Find out more about this fascinating wine and where it comes from…

Read More
Cover Image for Lovers of Big Reds Look To Alicante Bouschet

Lovers of Big Reds Look To Alicante Bouschet

One of the few red grapes with red flesh, Alicante Bouschet is an oddity that makes big, juicy red wines.

Read More
Cover Image for Why You Want To Drink More Tannat Wine

Why You Want To Drink More Tannat Wine

Is Tannat the next Malbec? Tannat wine has more gusto than Cabernet Sauvignon, and wines from up-and-coming Uruguay are surprisingly affordable! Here’s what you need to know.

Read More
Cover Image for The Magic of Moscato d’Asti

The Magic of Moscato d’Asti

It’s hard not to fall in love with Moscato d’Asti. This perfumed, sweet Italian white wine has captivated wine drinkers of all kinds.

Read More