Wine Folly Logo


- Updated


Merlot is loved for it’s boisterous black cherry flavors, supple tannins, and chocolatey finish. On the high end, it’s often mistaken with Cabernet Sauvignon and commonly blended with it.

Primary Flavors

  • Cherry
  • Plum
  • Chocolate
  • Bay Leaf
  • Vanilla

Taste Profile


Medium-full Body

Medium-high Tannins

Medium Acidity

13.5–15% ABV


    60–68°F / 15-20°C


    30 Minutes

    10+ Years

Food Pairing

Merlot is a great wine to play with, as it matches with a wide variety of foods. Don’t be afraid to experiment!

For Tuesday night, easy drinking, entry-level Merlot: think pizza, bbq chicken or a penne boscaiola situation (think tomato sauce, creamy, bacony, mushroomy goodness). Keep it simple, easy meals work with easy wines.
For a Merlot-dominant blend (such as entry-level Bordeaux) that has earthy notes, as well as ripeness, think: roast turkey, beef short rib, or a rustic ratatouille! For braised meat pairings, try complementing Merlot’s boisterous fruit notes with chimichurri sauce.
Finally, for those full and lush new world styles, think rack of lamb, roast veal, or filet mignon with peppercorn red wine sauce… mmmmm.
Things to shy away from when pulling the cork on a Merlot would include delicate fish dishes, light salads, and super spicy things – save those chilis for a German Riesling!

Try pairing a fruity Merlot wine with aged goat cheese.

Fun Facts About Merlot Wine

  1. Merlot is the child of Cabernet Franc and the rare, Magdeleine Noire des Charentes. This makes Merlot a sibling of Cabernet Sauvignon!
  2. Merlot is the most planted wine grape in Bordeaux, France. It grows in the same climates as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, and Petit Verdot
  3. Merlot wine can be easily confused in a blind-tasting. That being said, let blue fruit flavors, softer tannin than Cabernet, and maybe a sultry mocha or chocolate note be your tell!
  4. The name “Merlot” roughly translates to little blackbird; possibly due to dark blue/black coloring, or those pesky little blackbirds that eat the grapes.
  5. The first time Merlot was ever mentioned was in 1783. They spelled it Merlau and said, “makes a black and excellent wine, productive in good soil.”
  6. The most expensive Merlot was sold at auction in 2011. a case of 1961 Pétrus went for a cool $144,000 USD – That’s $12,000 a bottle!
Poor Public Image from the 1990s

In the early nineties, Merlot suffered from a poor public image. In California, most were lush, soft, flabby, and borderline sweet (in a gross way). Then, when the movie, Sideways, came out in 2004, Merlot sales dropped almost 2% (while Pinot Noir sales increased 16% in the Western United States.)

If only people knew of the elegant and structured potential of this grape!

“Despite Merlot’s reputation as the user-friendly, early maturing wine, the best of these wines can continue to develop in bottle for decades.”

The color of wine and how it ages showing Merlot by Wine Folly
A comparison of color in youthful and aged Merlot wine from Duckhorn 3 Palms vineyard.

What To Expect in Merlot Wine

There’s more to Merlot than meets the eye… Take a look at the range of possibilities based on the region (warm climate vs. cool climate).

Tasting Warm Climate Merlot

From warmer climates, Merlot wine tends to be more fruity with refined, pin-cushion tannins. Because of the boldness of these wines, you’ll often find a they age in oak which adds vanilla, chocolate, and smoky cedar notes.

Classic examples of warm climate Merlot are from Napa Valley, Australia, or Argentina:

  • Deep ruby blue colour.
  • Dry, but with big fruit flavors. Remember, fruit doesn’t have to equal sweet.
  • Think blackberry, blueberry, plum, and/or raspberry.
  • Medium-plus to full body. Voluptuous, if you will.
  • Purple floral notes towards the top of the glass. (Violet, you’re turning violet, Violet!)
  • Pyrazines, or green notes, come across as leafy rather than peppery.
  • Rich baking spices from oak aging… Vanilla, allspice, and cinnamon.
  • Also chocolate. Coffee, mocha, madness!
Comparing tasting notes of warm climate vs cool climate Merlot wine.
Tasting Cool Climate Merlot

These will be more structured, with earthy flavors. Cool climate Merlot is often mixed up with Cabernet Sauvignon when being tasted blind.

The classic example of cool climate Merlot wine is Right Bank Bordeaux, such as Saint-Émilion or Pomerol, as well as parts of Northern Italy and Chile.

  • Ruby garnet colour.
  • Ripe, or slightly tart fruit. Raspberry, cherry, plum, blackberry, blueberry, and fig.
  • Purple floral notes, violet, iris. Tobacco leaf, bay leaf, mint.
  • Licorice and anise.
  • Mushroom, truffle, forest floor.
  • Bitter chocolate, coffee, allspice.
  • Generally more medium bodied.

Jordan Winery merlot vineyards in napa valley during bud break
Budbreak at Jordan Winery in Napa Valley.

Merlot Wine Regions


Truly at home in France, Merlot is generally made into generic appellation (or, on the higher end, Right Bank) blends. However, it is also widely grown throughout southern France, where it is often blended with grapes like Malbec.


In Italy, especially Tuscany, Merlot is a darling partner to grapes like (surprise!) Cabernet Sauvignon, (alongside Sangiovese) in a style of wine lovingly named “Super Tuscan.”

In Chile, 50% of the vineyards thought to be Merlot turned out to be the almost-extinct grape, Carménère!

Chile is another perfect homeland for Merlot. The wines from here vary from easy-drinking and fruity bottlings of the Central Valley, to more structured and serious examples from Colchagua, Maule Valley, and Maipo.

  • A fun fact on the history of its supposed origins here is that in the 1800s, cuttings thought to be Merlot were brought over from Bordeaux and planted in Chilean vineyards. However in 1994, a grape researcher named Jean Michel Boursiquot, realized that they were, in fact, an entirely different variety of vine! They were a grape known to us today as Carménère.
  • Another interesting thing about Chilean wine is that thanks to the Andes Mountains, the country remains phylloxera free!
California & Washington

In the United States, Merlot is most well-known growing alongside Cabernet Sauvignon in the North Coast region (which contains Napa Valley and Sonoma). In the Central Coast, you’ll find many of the larger production wineries (although there are a few exceptions with great quality!)

What’s exciting with Merlot in the US is what’s happening in Washington’s Columbia Valley. The grape performs very well growing on the dry, eastern side of the state where nighttime temperatures drop substantially and maintain precious acidity. Look to the regions of Horse Heaven Hills, Yakima Valley, and Walla Walla for quality.


In China, a relatively new wine region, comparatively globally speaking, Merlot is an up and coming star. Merlot is not yet achieving super-premium status, such as is Cabernet in the wine Ao Yun, but the future looks promising.


Last word

Merlot is one of the most popular grapes worldwide; this chameleon of a grape can exhibit so many different styles, and hopefully now it’s easy to see why.

Buy the Book - Get the Course!

Get the Wine 101 Course ($29 value) FREE with the purchase of Wine Folly: Magnum Edition.

Learn More

AboutHaley Mercedes

I got a tattoo of grapes during veraison… does that make me a wine geek? Possibly. WSET diploma seeker @haley.mercedes

Cover Image for Zweigelt


Austria’s most planted red wine grape and is a cross between Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent (tastes like Pinot Noir). Resulting wines are bright, tart, and fruity.

Read More
Cover Image for Zinfandel (Primitivo)

Zinfandel (Primitivo)

A fruit-forward-yet-bold red that’s loved for its red fruit flavors and smoky exotic spice notes. Originally from Croatia and related to top Croatian grape, Plavic Mali.

Read More
Cover Image for Xinomavro


The most important grape of Naoussa, Greece where wine enthusiasts often cite the Xinomavro’s similarities to the Nebbiolo grape and the collector-worthy wine’s of Barolo.

Read More
Cover Image for Viura


The most important white grape of Rioja where wines evolve over 10 or more years. In Catalonia, Viura is called Macabeo and is the primary blending grape in Cava sparkling wines.

Read More
Cover Image for Viognier


A rich, oily white wine that originated in the Northern Rhône and is rapidly growing in popularity in California, Australia, and beyond. Wines are often age in oak to deliver Chardonnay-like richness.

Read More
Cover Image for Verdelho


This Portuguese native is one of the four key grapes used in the production of Madeira; it is found little elsewhere, though select Australian producers are making quality wines.

Read More